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Germicidal ultraviolet radiation is primarily intended for the destruction of bacteria and other microorganisms in the air or on exposed surfaces.  In order for ultraviolet light to kill bacteria, the rays must directly strike the microorganism.  Germs floating in the air or on an outer surface may easily be reached by the ultraviolet rays and, therefore, are readily destroyed.  If the bacteria or mold spores are hidden below the surfaces of a material or are not in the direct path of the rays, they will not be destroyed.

The exposure to ultraviolet necessary to kill bacteria is the product of time and intensity.  High intensities for a short period of time, or low intensities for a long period are fundamentally equal in lethal action on bacteria disregarding the life cycle of the bacteria.

Ultraviolet light will not penetrate most substances.  Meat, cloth and food will not be sterilized by irradiating with ultraviolet because the rays do not go beneath the surface.  Even ordinary glass is opaque to short wave ultraviolet.  Among the very few exceptions to this rule are clear water, which does permit some penetration, certain plastic films and specialty glass.

It has been an accepted practice to consider 0.5 microwatts per square centimeter for an eight-hour exposure and 0.1 microwatt per square centimeter for a twenty-four hour exposure as the allowable maximum intensity of 254nm ultraviolet radiation incident upon people.  These germicidal lights generate considerably more than this, so you must take precautions to shield yourself and others when operating the UV light.

The following technical data is compiled from information published by Philips lighting.  We are not responsible for any errors or miscalculations, although we believe it is correct.

Handheld Germicidal Light - Model FlashUV5

Nominal Lamp Watts 4W
Rated Life 6,000 Hours
UV Output 0.9 W
UV Microwatts @ 2 inches 658

 

Lantern Style Germicidal Light - UVFLUVC

Nominal Lamp Watts 12W (2 Tubes @ 6W)
Rated Life 8,000 Hours
UV Output 1.5 W
UV Microwatts @ 2 inches 2,196

 

Energies Required To Destroy Some Microorganisms by Ultraviolet Radiation

Microorganism Microwatt Seconds per cm2
Pencillium Roqueforti 28,400
Oospora Lactis 11,000
Brewer's Yeast 6,600
Saccharomyces Cerevislae 13,200
Strep Lactis 8,800
Staph. Aureus 6,600
Staph. Albus 5,720
Sarcina Lulea 26,400
Escerichia Coli 7,040
Bacillus Subtills 11.000
Bacterlophage (E. Coli) 6,600
Influenza 3,400
Algae 22,000
Proteus Vulgaris 7,480

To calculate time in seconds required to kill organism when holding light 2 inches away, divide the time required to destroy microorganism by UV microwatt output. 

 

FlashUV5 Example
For example, using the FlashUV5 to kill Bacterlophage which is also known a E.Coli bacteria, you should divide 6,600 by 658.

6,600/658 = 10.1 Seconds required to kill E Coli bacteria when holding lamp 2 inches away using the FlashUV5 light..

 

UVFLUVC2 Example
For example, using the UVFLUVC2 to kill Bacterlophage which is also known a E.Coli bacteria, you should divide 6,600 by 2,196.

6,600/2,196 = 3.0 Seconds required to kill E Coli bacteria when holding lamp 2 inches away using the UVFLUVC2 light.

Approximately 95% of ultraviolet radiation from the germicidal lights is in the 253.7 nanometer region.  A small amount of blue visible light is also produced by the lamps.

 

Reference: Phillips Lighting Company, a division of Philips Electronics North America Corporation

 

                                

 

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Last modified: August 30, 2012